34 Traditional Dances Of Indonesia You Need to Know

Regional dance is a dance originating from a place that is characteristic of the area itself. Regional dances or traditional dances are usually passed down from generation to generation.
Along with the times, the existence of regional dances is now fading. For this reason, as a form of love for the Motherland, we also need to know the names of existing regional dances.

Indonesia itself currently has 34 provinces. Well, each province certainly has its own regional dances. What are the 34 regional dances? Immediately, let’s look at the list of 34 regional dances and their origins below.

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34 Regional Dances and Their Origins

Here are some examples of regional dances that are popular in all provinces in Indonesia:

1. Saman Dance (Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam)

Saman dance is a regional dance from Tanah Gayo in Aceh. Initially, this dance was a folk game called pok ane which was created by a cleric named Syekh Saman.

Quoted from the book Encyclopedia of Arts and Culture: Art of Archipelago Dance by R. Toto Sugiharto, et al, Saman Dance is played with more than 10 dancers, but it must be an odd number. This dance reflects cohesiveness, togetherness, religion, manners and education.

The Saman dance tends not to use musical accompaniment, but from the sound and applause of the dancers. The dance movements will be combined with hitting the groin and chest, as a synchronization and then throwing the body in various directions.

2. Plate Dance (West Sumatra)

The Plate Dance is a traditional regional dance from West Sumatra. Quoted from the book entitled Yuk, Get to Know the Regional Dances of 34 Provinces in Indonesia, by Inoer H. and Ipunk Kristianto, in Minang culture, this dance also has a spiritual function as an offering to the Goddess of Rice in respect of the harvest.

3. Tor-tor Dance (North Sumatra)

Tor-tor dance is known as a traditional Batak dance in North Sumatra. This regional dance is often used for rituals to honor the gods and ancestors there. Usually, in the performance, the Tor-tor Dance will be accompanied by music from the gondang (drum) in traditional ceremonies.

4. Sumbay Kelindan Dance (South Sumatra)

The Sumbay Kelindan dance originates from South Sumatra, which is played by a group with hand movements that follow the rhythm of the music. Quoted from the Indonesian Culture page, the musical instruments used to accompany this dance are drums, fiddle and bonang.

5. Sigeh Penguten Dance (Lampung)

The Sigeh Pengunten dance is a regional dance from Lampung, which functions as an opening dance in traditional events there. This dance is a form of welcome and thanks from the host to the guests who have attended.

The dance is danced by an odd number of people, where one of the dancers will be in the middle holding the palm. Tepak is a golden box containing betel leaves. Later, the betel leaf will be given to a guest who is considered important.

6. Lambak Dance (Riau)

The Joget Lambak dance is a regional dance from Riau which is performed in pairs by the dancers. This dance is a social dance favored by young people there. The dancers will dance according to the rhythm of the music.

7. Zapin Dance (Riau Archipelago)

Zapin dance is a regional dance from the Riau Islands that is both entertaining and educative. This Zapin dance is also a dance of the Malay family which is influenced by Arabic culture.

This dance often becomes a medium in Islamic da’wah through the poetry of Zapin’s songs as dance accompaniment. The accompanying music consists of three marwas, a small drum and two stringed stringed instruments.

8. Sekapur Betel Dance (Jambi)

The Sekapur Sirih dance originates from Jambi province. This dance functions as an offering dance to welcome guests of honor or distinguished guests.

Apart from that, this dance is also a welcome offering for the guest of honor. At first glance, when viewed from its meaning, the meaning of this dance is similar to the Sigeh Penguten Dance from Lampung.

9. Andun Dance (Bangka Belitung Islands)

Bengkulu has a regional dance called the Andun Dance. Usually, this dance will be performed by girls and bachelors in pairs at night.

Andun dance is one of the folk dances offered at weddings. In ancient times, this dance was often used as a means to find a mate after the rice harvest.

10. Dance of the Angels of Teminang Children (Bengkulu)

The Teminang Anak Bidadari dance is a regional dance from Bengkulu, to be precise, from Rejang Lebong. As the name implies, this dance depicts an angel proposing a child.

11. Cokek Dance (Banten)

Cokek dance originates from Banten, whose name is taken from one of the Chinese landlords named Tan Sio Kek. This dance has an attraction from the body movements of the dancers who will move slowly.

First, the dancers will make an elongated formation, side by side. Then, their feet will be moved back and forth, with their arms extended at shoulder height.

12. Ronggeng Dance (DKI Jakarta)

Ronggeng dance is a popular regional dance from DKI Jakarta. This dance is usually performed to welcome honored guests. In general, this dance is performed by female dancers with relatively fast and dynamic dance movements.

13. Jaipong Dance (West Java)

Jaipong dance originates from West Java. Jaipong dance is performed to welcome honored guests. Usually, there are 4-6 dancers, but there are also more.

The hallmark of the Jaipong dance is its stomping music, where the drums will sound the most prominent. This Jaipong dance is often performed at weddings, entertainment and celebrations.

14. Gambyong Dance (Central Java)

Gambyong dance is one of the regional dances from Central Java. This regional dance is performed to welcome guests, as well as being a social dance in the community.

This gambyong dance is known from a street dancer named si Gambyong, who lived during the Sinuhun Paku Buwono IV era in Surakarta (1788-1820). The hallmark of this dance will be opened with the gendhing Pangkur before the performance begins.

15. Jaran Kepang Dance (East Java)

Jaran Kepang dance is a regional dance from Central Java. This dance will be as if imitating a soldier who is riding a horse.

16. Serimpi Dance (Special Region of Yogyakarta)

Serimpi dance is a dance originating from Yogyakarta. This dance is a sacred dance because it is only performed in the palace environment. Quoting the book Diversity of Archipelago Art by Resi Septiana Dewi, S.Pd, the Serimpi dance is often used as a dance for the commemoration of the sultan’s accession and state rituals.

17. Rejang Dance (Bali)

Rejang dance is a regional dance from Bali, which is performed together in a temple during religious ceremonies. The dancers in this dance are all women.

The Rejang Dance movement relies on the grace of the dancers. This dance will usually be accompanied by the sound of gamelan gong kebyar.

18. Batunganga Dance (West Nusa Tenggara)

Batunganga dance comes from West Nusa Tenggara. Quoted from the book entitled All About the Culture of the Archipelago by Dee Novit & Weki, this dance tells about the people’s love for a princess who enters a rock. Then, the people begged the princess to come out of the rock.

19. Gareng Lameng Dance (East Nusa Tenggara)

One of the regional dances from NTB is the Gareng Lameng Dance. This dance will be performed during the circumcision ceremony.

Where, the meaning of this dance is giving congratulations and blessings to God. The goal is for someone who is circumcised to be healthy and successful in life.

20. Gantar Dance (West Kalimantan)

Gantar dance is a traditional dance from West Kalimantan. This dance is used to welcome guests and several other traditional events.

The Gantar dance moves like when someone is planting rice. The dancers will use a wooden stick as a pounder.

21. Balian Tandik Dance (South Kalimantan)

Tandik Balian dance is one of the traditional dances of South Kalimantan, from the Dayak Warukin tribe. Balinese traditional dance has become an artistic attraction there.

22. Giring-dribble Dance (Central Kalimantan)

One of the regional dances from Central Kalimantan is the Giring-dribble dance. The Giring-giring dance has been popularized by the Dayak Maanyan tribe, which is performed during happy events.

23. Papatai Kancet Dance (East Kalimantan)

Papatai Kancet dance is a regional dance from East Kalimantan. This dance is used as a traditional art, with the concept of war dances.

The Kancet papatai dance tells the story of a Dayak Kenyah hero who fights his enemies using traditional weapons of war. This dance depicts the courage of men or the magic of the Dayak Kenyah tribe during war.

24. Mence Dance (North Kalimantan)

Mance or Bemance dance originates from North Kalimantan. Mence dance is also called silat dance, but the movements are more flexible. This dance is often performed for entertainment.

25. Bamba Manurung Dance (West Sulawesi)

Bamba Manurung dance is a dance from West Sulawesi (Sulbar). This traditional dance is shown while having a party in Mamuju. The dancers wear traditional Badu clothes typical of West Sulawesi, with accessories for beru-beru flowers (jasmine flowers) on the head.

26. Dinggu Dance (Southeast Sulawesi)

One of the regional dances from Southeast Sulawesi is the Dinggu Dance. This dance implies mutual cooperation when people are pounding rice. The touch of a pestle on a mortar (a traditional tool for processing rice), becomes a distinct rhythm that can touch the heart.

27. Pakarena Dance (South Sulawesi)

Pakarena dance is a regional dance from Makassar, South Sulawesi. This dance is often performed during weddings, medical rituals to circumcision. The Pakarena dance is danced gracefully by young female dancers.

28. Pontanu Dance (Central Sulawesi)

Pontanu dance is a dance from Central Sulawesi, to be precise in the Donggala area. Dances are often performed in welcoming important guests, tourism promotions and cultural festivals.

Pontanu dance describes a woman who seems to be weaving. The women are described as weaving Donggala Sarongs, a typical sarong from the Donggala region.

29. Maengket Dance (North Sulawesi)

Maengket dance is a regional dance from North Sulawesi. This dance is a social dance, where dancers will dance in pairs. Maengket dance tells about the atmosphere of love, couples who are in love.

30. Tari Saronde (Gorontalo)

The Saronde dance is a traditional dance from Gorontalo. This dance is a social dance or intimacy in official events. The Saronde dance is lifted from the engagement night event during the traditional Gorontalo wedding ceremony.

31. Cakalele Dance (Maluku)

Cakalele dance is a traditional Maluku dance. The Cakalele Maluku dance is danced by around 30 dancers. The male dancers will wear armor and the female dancers will wear white clothes, holding a handkerchief (lenso) with both hands.

32. Crazy Bamboo Dance (North Maluku)

The Crazy Bamboo Dance originates from Ternate, North Maluku. This dance was born in a bamboo forest area at the foot of Mount Gamalama. The bamboo sticks chosen for this dance are about 10-15 meters long.

Before the crazy bamboo dance begins, there will be a handler burning incense while reciting prayers. After that the bamboo will be shaken, which will get tighter and louder. That is the reason why this dance is called Crazy Bamboo Dance.

Originally the crazy bamboo dance was used to move wooden boats, which had been completed up the mountain to the beach. Over time, this dance functioned as entertainment when there were people’s parties.

33. Sajojo Dance (Papua)

Sajojo dance is a traditional dance from Papua. The Sajojo dance has its own characteristics, namely the stomping of the feet and the swaying of the dancers’ bodies. This dance will be very interesting if performed in groups.

34. Suanggi Dance (West Papua)

Suanggi dance originates from West Papua. The Suanggi dance is a form of expression for the people of West Papua, who still believe in supernatural things. Suanggi dance has a unique and deep meaning.

Quoting a book entitled 70 Unique Traditions of Ethnic Tribes in Indonesia by Fitri Haryuni, Suanggi Dance was born from the story of a husband who was left by his wife, where the wife is believed to have become a victim of the evil spirit anggi-anggi (supernatural creature). The people of West Papua believe that the evil spirit possesses a woman’s body.

So, that was a list of 34 regional dances in every province in Indonesia. Detikers, where do you like regional dances from?

Sumber : https://www.detik.com/jabar/berita/d-6205691/34-nama-tarian-daerah-dan-asalnya.

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